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His father Barthold Niebuhr was a single meldorf farmer and owned his own property. Carsten and his sister were educated at home by a local school teacher, then he attended the Latin School in Otterndorfnear Cuxhaven.

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Originally Niebuhr had intended to become a surveyorbut in single meldorf went to the Georgia Augusta University of Göttingenat this time Germany's most progressive institution of higher education. Niebuhr was probably a strong student because in Johann David Michaelis recommended him as a participant in the Royal Danish Arabia Expeditionmounted by Frederick V of Denmark For a year and a half before the expedition Niebuhr studied single meldorf, cartography and navigational astronomy under Single meldorf Mayerone of the premier astronomers of the 18th century, and the author of the Lunar Distance Method for determining longitude.

Niebuhr's observations during the Arabia Expedition proved the accuracy and the practicality of this method for use by mariners at sea. Then the members of the expedition visited Cairo and Sinaibefore traversing the Red Sea via Jiddah to Yemenwhich was their main destination. Niebuhr seems to have preserved his own life and restored his health by adopting native dress and eating native food.

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From Mocha the expedition continued to Bombaythe expedition's artist Georg Wilhelm Baurenfeind died on the 29th of August and the expedition's servant Lars Berggren on the following day; both were buried at sea. The surgeon Christian C. Kramer also died, soon after landing in Bombay. Niebuhr was the only surviving member. He stayed in Bombay for fourteen months and then returned home by single meldorf of MuscatBushireShiraz and Persepolis.


His copies of the cuneiform inscriptions at Persepolis proved to be a key turning-point in the decipherment of cuneiform, and the birth of Assyriology. He seems also to have visited the Behistun Inscription in around After a visit to Cyprus he made a tour through Palestinecrossed the Taurus Mountains to Bursareached Constantinople in February and finally arrived in Copenhagen in the following November. Map of Yemen, prepared by Niebuhr Niebuhr's production during the expedition is indeed impressive.

It includes small-scale maps and charts of Yementhe Red Seathe Persian Gulf and Omanand other larger scale maps covering the Nile Deltathe Gulf of Suez and the single meldorf surrounding various port cities he visited, including Mocha single meldorf Surat.


He completed 28 town plans of significant historical value because of their uniqueness for that period. In summary, Niebuhr's maps, charts and plans constitute single meldorf greatest single addition to the cartography of the region that was produced through field research and published in the 18th century. In he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In he accepted a position in the civil service of Danish Holsteinand went to reside at Meldorf Ditmarschen.

In he was promoted to Etatsrat, and in was made a Knight of the Order of the Dannebrogone of Denmark - Norway 's most valued honours for service. Writing and research[ edit ] Niebuhr's first book, Beschreibung von Arabien, was single meldorf in Copenhagen inthe Danish government providing subsidies for the engraving and printing of its numerous illustrations.

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This was followed in and by the first two volumes of Niebuhr's Reisebeschreibung nach Arabien und andern umliegender Ländern. These works particularly single meldorf one published inand most specifically the accurate copies of the cuneiform inscriptions found at Persepolis, were to prove to be extremely important to the decipherment of cuneiform writing.

Before Niebuhr's single meldorf, cuneiform inscriptions were often thought to be merely decorations and embellishments, and no accurate decipherments or translations had been made up to that point. Niebuhr demonstrated that the three trilingual single meldorf single wohnung wels land at Persepolis were in fact three distinct forms of cuneiform writing which he termed Class I, Class II, and Class III to be read from left to right.

His accurate copies of the trilingual inscriptions gave Orientalists the key lotuscafe partnersuche finally crack the cuneiform code, leading to the discovery of Partnervermittlung skandinavien Persian, Akkadian, and Sumerian. Single meldorf also contributed papers on the interior of Africathe political and military condition of the Single meldorf Empireand other subjects to a German periodical, the Deutsches Museum.

French and Dutch translations of Niebuhr's narratives were published during his lifetime, and a condensed English translation of his own three volumes, prepared by Robert Heronwas published in Edinburgh inunder the title "Travels through Arabia".

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A facsimile edition of this translation, as by "M. Niebuhr", was published in two volumes by the Libraire du Liban, Beirut undated. The government funds covered only a fraction of the printing single meldorf for Niebuhr's first book, and probably a similar or smaller proportion of the costs for the other two volumes. In all, Niebuhr devoted ten years of his life, the yearsto the publication of six volumes single meldorf findings from the expedition.

He had virtually no help from the academics who had conceived and shaped the expedition in Göttingen and Copenhagen. It was only Niebuhr's determination to publish the findings of the expedition that ensured that the Danish Arabia Expedition would produce results that would benefit the world of scholarship. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe highly prized Niebuhr's works. In he wrote single meldorf Niebuhr's son, Barthold Georg Niebuhrthat "You carry a name which I have learned to honour since single meldorf youth.

Works[ edit ] Niebuhr, Carsten. Rejsebeskrivele fra Arabien or andre omkringliggende Lande, translated by Hans Christian Fink, with an introduction by Michhael Harbsmeier. Niebuhr, Carsten. Reisebescheibung nach Arabien und andern umliegenden Ländern. Gloyer and J.

Carsten Niebuhr

Hamburg, Beschreibung von Arabien. Aus eigenen Beobachtungen und im Lande selbst gesammleten Single meldorf. Copenhagen, Beskrivelse af Arabien ud fra egne iagttagelser og i landet selv samlede efterretinger, translated by Hans Christian Fink, with an introduction by Niels Peter Lemche.

Reisebeschreibung nach Arabien und andern umliegender Ländern. Über Längen-Beobachtungen single meldorf Orient single meldorf. Aus einem Schreiben des königl. Dänischen geheimer Justiz-Raths Carsten Niebuhr. Reisebeschreibung nach Arabien und andern umliegender Ländern [Account of travels to Arabia and other surrounding lands] in German. Copenhagen, Denmark: Single meldorf Möller.

From p.

Dji Phantom 4 in 4K Nordsee Wattenmeer am Meldorfer Hafen

Auch hier sind drey verschiedene Alphabete. The stone on which they appear, is 26 feet long and 6 feet high, and it's completely covered with them. One can thus judge single meldorf the size of the letters. Also here, [there] are three different alphabets.

Arnold H. The Archaeology of the Cuneiform Inscriptions 2nd ed. London, England: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. Undying curiosity.

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The Sumerians: Their History, Culture and Character. Stuttgart, Bibliography[ edit ] Baack, Lawrence J.

Carsten Niebuhr - Wikipedia

A practical skill that was without equal: Carsten Niebuhr and the navigational astronomy of the Arabian Journey, The Mariner's Mirror, Baack, Lawrence J. Stuttgart, Early scientific expeditions and local encounters. Eck, Reimer.

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Mitteilungen Gauss-Gesellschaft e. Göttingen, 22pp.

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Hansen, Thorkild. Single meldorf York, Hopkins, I. The maps of Carsten Niebuhr: Niebuhr, Barthold Georg. Carsten Niebuhrs Leben, Kleine historische und philologische Schriften.

Bonn, Vorträge über alte Geschichte an der Universität zu Bonn gehalten, edited M. Berlin, Rasmussen, Stig T. Den Arabiske Rejse En dansk ekspedition set i verdenskabshistorisk perspektiv. Carsten Niebuhr und die Arabische Reise Heide, Hansen, Anne Haslund. Niebuhr's museum. Artefacts and souvenirs from the Royal Danish Expedition to Arabia Vermeulen, Han F. Niebuhr and the Danish- German Arabia Expedition.

Han F. Before Boas.